Innovations, Integration and Localisation – the motto of the second day of the forum
The second day of the Seventh International Rail Business Forum 1520 Strategic Partnership in Sochi involved delegates participating in thematic roundtables.
The participants in the roundtable Railway Construction: Localising Innovative Technologies in the 1520 Area discussed the specifics of the construction of railway tracks in environmentally protected areas, the process of accelerating certification for the effective adaptation of modern technologies and the possibility of increasing the life cycle of railway tracks.
At present, the length of bottlenecks with overloaded capacity on the Russian railway network has reached 6,000 kilometres. In addition, railway infrastructure is experiencing a serious shortage of investment funds amounting to approximately 400 billion roubles. If no changes occur in funding, the length of bottlenecks will expand to 19,000 kilometres by 2020.
RZDstroy First Deputy General Director Gennady Talashkin stated that until the issue of investment is resolved railway officials are focused on the most intense and least costly ways to contain the expansion of tracks with depleted capacity. Innovative developments are being employed on the Russian railway network to solve this problem. At the same time, much attention is being paid to localising the products of foreign manufacturers.
One of the breakthrough technologies in railway infrastructure is the construction of low vibration track (LVT). Sonneville AG President Anabel Hengelmann spoke about the introduction of LVT on European railways. The LVT design consists of concrete blocks (half ties) situated on elastic pads placed in rubber boots that are embedded in the concrete foundation of the tracks and serve as a way to absorb vibrations and reduce the impact on the inverted arc of the tunnel. At present, LVT technology is recommended for use in railway tunnels being built as part of the implementation of Olympic projects in Sochi by Russian Railways. In addition, non-ballast tracks may be used during the reconstruction of the Small Ring of Moscow Railways.
RZDstroy Deputy General Director Yevgeny Dorot reported that Russian Railways laid the first trial kilometre of non-ballast track on the Sablino-Tosno section of the Oktyabrsk Railway and its operation has already demonstrated good results. This same technology was tested on the experimental ring of the Russian Railway Transport Research Institute at Shcherbinka outside Moscow. More than 150 million tonne-kilometres of gross load have passed over the non-ballast tracks and no deviations from the initial parameters have been recorded.
CES: Towards an Integrated Rail Transport Market. The roundtable on this issue sparked a wave of debate concerning a coordinated tariff policy to promote trans-border transport, the introduction of advanced electronic declaration forms and the unification of regulations for transit and monitoring of the transit of international freight.
Vladimir Ivin, the head of the Customs Clearance and Customs Control General Directorate at the Federal Customs Service, said the progressive electronic customs declaration is just starting to be introduced in railway, motor and aviation transport. He lamented that these is absolutely no contact on these issues with maritime carriers.
Dmitry Nekrasov, director of the Department for Customs Law and Legislative Practice of the Eurasian Economic Commission, said a fundamentally new convention uniting the 1520 and 1435 spaces could be concluded, but the important thing in this process is the mutual recognition of rights and the development of guarantees.
The members of the roundtable Engineering 1520: Areas of Innovative Development discussed the required measures of government support to establish an innovative railway transport product and improve technical regulation as well as the quality and reliability of rolling stock and components.
Speaking about the transfer of foreign technologies to Russia, Russian Railways Senior Vice-President Valentin Gapanovich said that the company is putting forward a request for foreign equipment manufacturers to localise their production in Russia. As an example of such cooperation, he cited the contract for the supply of Lastochka (Desiro Rus) trains produced by Siemens AG. Only the first 38 trains will be fully produced in Germany. The next 16 trains will be built with 20% localisation of components in Russia. This figure is to increase to 80% by 2017.
Alexej Beljajev, chair of the Tatravagonka A.S. management board, reported that the company began working with Russian Railways four years ago to produce freight cars and said much has been accomplished over this time. All restrictions have been lifted on the use of the first 90-foot platform on Russian railways. New equipment has been created based on the requirements of Russian Railways and has already undergone factory certification under standards that were twice as strict as usual.
As per tradition, the key forum partners were Russian Railways, Siemens AG and Deutsche Bahn AG. The forum organiser was Business Dialogue.